Is prismatic cell good for electric motorcycles

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The electric vehicle industry, otherwise known as the EV industry, has developed immensely over the past few decades to reduce cost, enhance efficiency, and optimize performance. Li-ion batteries are now obtainable as prismatic, pouch, and cylindrical cell batteries. All three of these batteries are, no doubt, excellent and have advantages and disadvantages, but prismatic cells and cylindrical cells have given the most promising and reassuring results.

This article will focus on the many applications of prismatic cells and their advantages and disadvantages. It will also profoundly analyze how prismatic cell can be the best choice for your motorcycle battery. Read on till the very end to find the answer!

What is a prismatic cell made of?

The prismatic cell is usually encased in a stiff and hard enclosing called the prismatic shell, usually made of aluminum, metal, or plastic. Inside this rigid shell, lithium, iron, and phosphate, as well as electrolytes, are enclosed. The structure of this cell consists of an electrode which includes an anode, cathode, and, lastly, a partition or a separator.

These electrodes can be present in the prismatic shell in rolled, flattened, or stacked form and also in the form of sheets. Because of its rectangular shape and size, it’s easier to stack these cells atop one another. Thus, releasing more energy along with providing higher durability.

What are the applications of prismatic cells?

With the electronic industry evolving every day of the week, prismatic cells are becoming a more integral part of it. This is because of the several benefits these cells offer, which make them useful for many applications. These applications include:

Energy storage systems
A prismatic cell is extensively used in energy storage systems (ESS), including commercial, residential, and industrial-scale applications. These set-ups lend a hand in storing excessive energy made up of renewable and sustainable resources like geothermal, wind, solar, etc., so that it can be released in times of need.

Electric vehicles
These cells are widely used in car batteries mainly because of their ability to provide vital power and their high energy density used for driving electric vehicles. The prismatic cell representative model of EV is BMW i3, the battery enterprise representatives are CATL, SAMSUNG, BYBD, GUOXUAN HI-TECH, etc., electric motorcycle also has many use square battery pack, like TYCORUN ENERGY 60v 50 ah with 50ah prismatic cells, and 70v 60 ah with 60ah prismatic cell.

What is the capacity of a prismatic cell?

The prismatic cell capacity differs according to its size, the specific design it’s made on, and the chemistry. However, they are more in size and capacity than cylindrical cells.

A few types different types of prismatic cells are available in the market. A single prismatic cell with a capacity of 20Ah to 60Ah for an electric motorcycle is accessible, and a prismatic cell for big Electric Vehicles can provide a capacity of 280Ah to 320Ah. But with this increase, the housing walls also increase in width to compensate for reduced mechanical stability. This leads to a minor capacity drop.

Advantages and disadvantages of prismatic Cell

While the prismatic cell provides various advantages because of its size and shape, they also have disadvantages.


● Prismatic cells, when loaded atop others, can supply more energy as well as better assistance.

● Prismatic cells are known to provide excellent stability, and they can also hold more energy within them.

● Prismatic battery adopts winding or laminating process, with high energy density and long battery cycle life.

● These cells can be used in devices with a slim profile as they can utilize the space better.

● Because of fewer electrical connections, the internal structure of this cell is relatively simple.


● These batteries are unfitting for small devices like mobile phones.

● Prismatic cell heat dissipation effect is not very good, so we want to pay attention to the problem of heat dissipation.

● There are many models, the process is difficult to unify, and the monomer difference is large, so that the system life is lower than the monomer life.

What is the difference between prismatic and cylindrical cells?

Following is a comparison because of the severe competition between prismatic and cylindrical cells:

Capacity – The capacity varies, cylindrical cell is generally 10ah-50ah, prismatic cell is generally 50ah-300ah.

Energy density – In theoretical terms, prismatic cells uphold a higher energy density in comparison to cylindrical cells. This is because the uncomplicated prismatic cell structure gives way to a simple manufacturing process.

Size and shape – Prismatic cell is compact and rectangular in size and shape. On the other hand, a cylindrical cell is cylindrical and is available in different sizes such as 18650, 32700, 2170 and so on. The cylindrical cells have more space between cells, which helps heat dissipation, unlike prismatic cells.


Shells – Cylindrical cells, unlike prismatic cells, use a high-strength shell of stainless-steel during manufacturing.

Life-cycle expectancy – Under varied and high loads, the life-cycle expectancy of the prismatic cell is longer and more than that of a cylindrical cell. This factor, in turn, reduces its cost of ownership and operations.

Thermal characteristics – The thermal characteristics are very different when the two cells are compared for this trait. Cylindrical cells, dissimilar from prismatic cells, display better heat dissipation. Hence it could be said that the cylindrical cell is better in heat dissipation performance.

In the realm of rechargeable battery technology, the debate between a prismatic cell and a cylindrical cell has persisted. While both cell types have their merits, prismatic cells emerge as an intriguing contender for the crown of the best battery cell.

What materials are in prismatic cells for motorcycles?

Prismatic cells that are made to use in electric bikes or motorcycles have several components. Following are some of the components:

Electrodes – Contains a positive cathode made up of lithium metal oxide and a negative anode made of carbon-based material like graphite. Ternary lithium batteries typically utilize cathode materials such as lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide or lithium nickel aluminum oxide, offering higher energy density and specific capacity. In contrast, lithium iron phosphate batteries employ iron phosphate (LiFePO4) as the cathode material, providing lower energy density but higher safety and stability.

Separator – This separator separates the anode and cathode to prevent a short circuit while the ions flow.

Electrolyte – A crucial role is played by the electrolyte liquid. It assists the ion flow between and cathode and anode.

Housing – The housing, or enclosing, prevents the prismatic cell’s inner components and integral structure from getting damaged. On the outside, it features connectors and terminators for electrical connections.

What size is a lithium-ion prismatic cell?

The size of a lithium-ion prismatic cell can range depending on the exact design and intended purpose and use. A prismatic cell can be found in many different sizes. Its width can range from 65mm to 217 mm to accommodate various requirements and applications.

Several medium-sized energy storage systems, as well as electric vehicles, use prismatic cells. Their dimensions can vary from 10-15mm in thickness, 200-300mm in height, and 100-200mm in width. Furthermore, in large-scale commercial storage systems, larger-sized prismatic cells are used with dimensions like 15-25mm in thickness, 100-200mm in width, and height could vary from 200 and 300mm or even greater.

How many prismatic cells in a 72v 50ah lithium motorcycle battery?

To determine the number of prismatic cells in a 72V 50Ah lithium motorcycle battery, we need to consider the nominal voltage and capacity of the individual prismatic cells.

According to different manufacturers or different customer needs, the number and capacity of the battery will be different. For example, TYCORUN ENERGY 72V 50Ah swappable motorcycle battery cell has a nominal voltage of 3.7V (a common value for lithium-ion cells) and a capacity of 50Ah, we can calculate the number of cells required as follows:


The voltage of the electric motorcycle battery pack = nominal voltage of each cell × number of cells
72V = 3.7V × Number of cells
Number of cells = 72V / 3.7V ≈ 19.46

Since we cannot have a fraction of a cell, we round up to the nearest whole number, which is 20 prismatic cells. More information about TYCORUN ENERGY motorcycle batteries can be obtained by clicking the following image going to the product page.

Are prismatic cells good for motorcycles?

Prismatic cells can be used in various applications in motorbikes, especially hybrid ad electric motorcycles, as they integrate the battery power. These cells are considered suitable for motorcycles because of their many qualities.

Delivering a higher amount of energy density in relation to per unit weight and volume, prismatic cells have outperformed themselves. This results in longer bike rides. In addition to this, battery space and placement are concerning issues in electric bikes that are solved by the compactness and light weight of prismatic cell batteries. Last but not least, factors like high safety and less pollution make it perfect for use in motorcycles.

Bottom line

Prismatic cells, with their sleek and rectangular design, offer a multitude of advantages that make them an enticing option for various applications. Electric motorcycles equipped with prismatic cell-based battery packs can achieve impressive mileage. Therefore, the prismatic cells is suitable for electric motorcycles.

Beyond the physical advantages, prismatic cells also excel in terms of power output. Finally, as technology continues to evolve, prismatic cells promise to propel us toward a future of more efficient and powerful energy storage solutions.

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